The Blue Screen of Death

The Blue Screen of Death (BSOD) in Windows 10 – the reasons for the appearance and ways to solve the problem

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The blue screen of death in Windows causes the system to crash and restart the computer. Consider the main reasons for the emergence of BSOD and how to solve the problem.

The blue screen of death or BSOD (The blue screen of death) is always a very disturbing symptom of computer problems. This screen appears when Windows detects a critical error that the system is unable to fix on its own. As a result, the computer is rebooted, and very often this results in the loss of all unsaved changes.

The blue screen of death is the worst mistake that a computer user can face. Unlike application crashes, a critical crash with BSOD disrupts the entire system. Usually, the blue screen of death appears as a result of software low-level failures or computer hardware components problems.

The reasons for the appearance of the BSOD

Usually the blue screens of death are caused by a malfunction of the computer hardware or drivers. Common applications should not call BSOD. In the event of a fall, third-party programs do not cause a malfunction of the operating system. The most common causes of BSOD are hardware failures or problems with the Windows kernel software. There are drops associated with updates to antivirus software.

A blue screen usually appears when Windows detects a “STOP error”. This critical drop causes the Windows system to stop running. In this case, it remains only to forcefully shut down the computer and restart it. This procedure can lead to the loss of unsaved data, because applications actually have no chance to save changes. In an ideal scenario, programs must regularly keep the progress of the work so that BSOD or other errors do not lead to data loss.

When the blue screen for death appears, Windows automatically creates and saves a “minidump” memory dump file that contains information about a critical failure. Users can view information in dumps – it can help identify the cause of the fall from the BSOD.

Reboot Windows 10 when BSOD

By default, Windows automatically reboots the computer when the blue screen for death appears. If your computer reboots for no apparent reason, then perhaps this is due to the blue screen.

Restarting Windows 10 when BSOD appears

If you want to view detailed information when a blue screen appears, you should disable the automatic restart in the Windows Control Panel.

Click on the icon “My Computer”.
Right-click and select “Properties.”
In the left navigation menu, select the option “Additional system parameters”.
Click the Advanced tab and in the Download and Restore section click the Settings button.
In the “System Failure” section, uncheck the “Perform an automatic reboot” option.
Viewing BSOD error information

The BlueScreenView application offers an easy way to view information about the BSOD. The program automatically scans all memory dump files and displays fault data.

Viewing BSOD error information

Similar information can be viewed using the built-in classic application “Event Viewer.” In this case, however, BSOD messages will appear in the same list with application crashes and other system log messages.

For developers or advanced users, a powerful WinDbg dump from Microsoft is more suitable.

Search and fix vulnerabilities

In Windows 7 and in newer versions of Windows, information about the BSOD is also displayed in the center of the action. If you encounter a BSOD error, you can open the Action Center and check the available solutions. Windows will analyze the BSOD and other types of errors on the computer and provide recommendations for resolving the problem.

Often you can get more information about the blue screen error when searching for a particular error message – for example, “Driver_IRQL_not_less_or_equal”. New BSOD screens on Windows systems themselves encourage users to search the Internet in order to become familiar with possible problems.

Useful tips for fixing the BSOD

Use the System Restore Wizard. If the system recently began experiencing failures with the BSOD, use the System Restore function to return the system to its previous stable state. If this helps, then probably the problem was caused by software errors.
Check the system for malware. Threats that penetrate deep into the Windows kernel can cause system stability problems. Scan your computer for malware to make sure that the system crash is not caused by insidious malware.

Install the driver updates. An incorrectly installed or faulty driver may cause a fall. Download and install the latest drivers for the computer components from the official website of the manufacturer – this can help to cope with the BSOD.
Download in safe mode. If your computer constantly crashes with BSOD, then try to boot into safe mode. In safe mode, Windows loads only the most basic drivers. If the blue screen of death appears because of the installed driver, then in a safe mode there will not be a critical error, and you will be able to correct the problem.

Perform hardware component diagnostics. Blue screens can be caused by faulty equipment. Try performing memory testing for errors and checking the temperature of individual PC elements to make sure that it does not overheat.
Reinstall Windows. Clean installation of the system is a radical action, but it will get rid of the possible problems of the installed programs. If after reinstalling the system, BSOD errors continue, which is most likely related to the hardware.

Even a completely functioning computer in rare cases can experience falls with BSOD for no apparent reason – due to driver errors, installed applications or hardware components.

If you very rarely encounter BSOD (say, every two years), then there is no cause for concern. If errors with BSOD pop up regularly, you need to look for the cause and fix the problem.